Call: Interoperable solutions for flexibility services using distributed energy storage
|Type of Fund||Direct Management|
of programme |
"Horizon Europe - Cluster 5 - Destination 3: Sustainable, secure and competitive energy supply"
This Destination includes activities targeting a sustainable, secure and competitive energy supply. In line with the scope of cluster 5, this includes activities in the areas of renewable energy; energy system, grids and storage; as well as Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS).
The transition of the energy system will rely on reducing the overall energy demand and making the energy supply side climate neutral. R&I actions will help to make the energy supply side cleaner, more secure, and competitive by boosting cost performance and reliability of a broad portfolio of renewable energy solutions, in line with societal needs and preferences. Furthermore, R&I activities will underpin the modernisation of the energy networks to support energy system integration, including the progressive electrification of demand side sectors (buildings, mobility, industry) and integration of other climate neutral, renewable energy carriers, such as clean hydrogen. Innovative energy storage solutions (including chemical, mechanical, electrical and thermal storage) are a key element of such energy system and R&I actions will advance their technological readiness for industrial-scale and domestic applications. Carbon Capture, Utilisation and Storage (CCUS) is a CO2 emission abatement option that holds great potential and R&I actions will accelerate the development of CCUS in electricity generation and industry applications.
This Destination contributes to the following Strategic Plan’s Key Strategic Orientations (KSO):
It covers the following impact areas:
The expected impact, in line with the Strategic Plan, is to contribute to “More efficient, clean, sustainable, secure and competitive energy supply through new solutions for smart grids and energy systems based on more performant renewable energy solutions”, notably through
Fostering the European global leadership in affordable, secure and sustainable renewable energy technologies
Renewable energy technologies provide major opportunities to replace or substitute carbon from fossil origin in the power sector and in other economic sectors such as heating/cooling, transportation, agriculture and industry. Their large scale and decentralised deployment is expected to create more jobs than the fossil fuel equivalent. Renewable energy technologies are the baseline on which to build a sustainable European and global climate-neutral future. A strong global European leadership in renewable energy technologies, coupled with circularity and sustainability, will pave the way to increase energy security and reliability.
It is imperative to enhance affordability, security, sustainability and efficiency for more established renewable energy technologies (such as wind energy, photovoltaics or bioenergy), and to further diversify the technology portfolio. Furthermore, advanced renewable fuels, including synthetic and sustainable advanced biofuels, are also needed to provide long-term carbon-neutral solutions for the transport and energy-intensive industrial sectors, in particular for applications where direct electrification is not a technically and cost efficient option.
Synergies with activities in cluster 4 are possible for integrating renewable energy technologies and solutions in energy consuming industries. Complementarities with cluster 6 concern mainly biomass-related activities.
In line with the “do not harm” principle for the environment, actions for all renewable energy technologies aim to also improve the environmental sustainability of the technologies, delivering products with reduced greenhouse gas emissions and improved environmental performance regarding water use, circularity, pollution and ecosystems. In particular, for biofuels and bioenergy improving the environmental sustainability is associated to the biomass conversion part of the value chain and the quality of the product, while air pollution associated to combustion in engines falls in the scope of other parts of the WP.
The main impacts to be generated by topics targeting the renewable energy technologies and solutions under this Destination are:
Energy systems, grids and storage
Efficient and effective network management is the key to the integration of renewables in an efficient way that ensures cost-effectiveness and affordability, security of supply and grid stability. Real time monitoring and optimisation are necessary to increase the flexibility, through solutions such as storage, demand response or flexible generation among others, to integrate higher shares of variable renewable energy. Exploiting synergies between electricity, heating and cooling networks, gas networks, transport infrastructure and digital infrastructure will be crucial for enabling the smart, integrated, flexible, green and sustainable operation of the relevant infrastructures. Besides hydrogen and batteries (addressed elsewhere), R&I in other storage technologies, in particular thermal storage but also electrochemical, chemical, mechanical and electrical storage solutions is necessary to create a set of flexibility options.
Activities on energy systems, grids and storage under this Destination will primarily focus on the systemic aspects to enhance the flexibility and resilience of the system, in particular: integrated energy system planning and operation, engaging consumers and providing new services, electricity system reliability and resilience, storage development and integration and green digitalisation of the energy system.
Moreover, the role of citizens and communities is key when it comes to making the flexibility at appliance level available for the grid. Related to this, the inclusion of social sciences and humanities (SSH) where relevant is essential to build the social acceptance of new energy technologies and increase participation of consumers in energy markets.
All projects will contribute to an increased capacity of the system to integrate renewable energy sources and less curtailment at transmission and distribution level. The main expected impacts are:
Carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS)
CCUS will play a crucial role in the EU Green Deal for the transition of energy-intensive industries and the power sector towards climate neutrality. Supporting R&I for CCUS will be particularly important in those industries where other alternatives do not yet exist like the cement industry. This will be highly relevant towards 2050, when most electricity will be coming from renewables, but the need to tackle the process emissions from industry will continue. If CCUS is combined with sustainable biomass, it could create negative emissions.
Low carbon hydrogen from natural gas with CCUS could also play a significant role in industrial climate neutrality, in the transition towards full use of hydrogen from renewable sources, in particular in industries such as steel making, chemicals, or refining where large quantities of hydrogen are needed. CCUS would enable early, clean hydrogen at scale. The hydrogen infrastructure built for clean hydrogen with CCUS could be also shared by hydrogen from renewable sources. It is thus important to develop CCUS for industrial clusters, including aspects of system planning, shared infrastructure solutions such as buffer storage, shared CO2 and hydrogen transportation and infrastructure optimisation for CCS and CCU.
Demonstration of the full CCUS chain is needed in the EU, with special emphasis on the reduction of the energy penalty and cost of capture and on ascertaining safe storage. Under the EU Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan) ambitious R&I targets have been set in agreement with the sectorial stakeholders. The focus is on CO2 storage appraisal, cost-reductions, new technologies and proliferation of pilots and demonstrators.
Synergies with cluster 4 exist on the use of CO2.
The main impacts to be generated by topics targeting the renewable energy technologies and solutions under this Destination are:
|Link||Link to Programme|
Interoperable solutions for flexibility services using distributed energy storage
|Description of call |
"Interoperable solutions for flexibility services using distributed energy storage"
The objective is to develop interoperable distributed storage technology to enable the seamless utilization and monetization of storage flexibility within a real life environment.
Pilots need to demonstrate innovative Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) and Hybrid Energy Storage Systems HESS solutions within the home, building, community and stand-alone and power grid connected together with TSO and/or DSO, including real-time data sharing and operation.
At least 2 pilots, with different use cases (overall covering both BESS and HESS systems), should present interoperable solutions involving different types of BESS.
The project(s) should facilitate HESS reaching a similar interoperability and Plug-and-Play capabilities of a BESS with extended performance by using virtualization techniques.
A new generation of hybrid energy storage systems (HESS) that can efficiently operate with the combined capacities of the individual energy storage systems (ESS) that conform it. Hybrid energy storage systems can concern distributed sources of storage, such as EV Batteries, Home Batteries, or connection with the Heat Pumps.
Real-time data sharing and operation should be ensured through aligning existing standards from the utility and ICT domains, across the devices and systems to enable innovative distributed storage services.
Deployment and adoption of IoT standards and platforms for distributed storage systems (stationary and electric vehicles) in Europe and development of cost-effective and sustainable European distributed storage ecosystems and related business models are expected. For example:
Common architecture models (Smart Grids Architecture Model - SGAM) and implementing standards (such as CEN-CENELEC, SAREF etc.) should be taken into account to ensure interoperability and compatibility.
Highest (semantic) interoperability should be reached for alluse cases of storage and cost of deployment of distributed storage is decreased.
The need for standard harmonization across industry sectors should be explored, along with legislation and demonstration of scalability and stimulation of spill-over effects, for example towards applications beyond road transport.
Feedback mechanisms from the users should be envisaged to allow adaptation and optimisation of the technological and business approach to the particular use case. For all actions, the consortia have to involve and/or engage relevant stakeholders and market actors who are committed to adopting/implementing the results.
The selected projects are expected to contribute to relevant BRIDGE activities. Projects should take into account existing interoperability related work of previous and ongoing H2020 and HE research projects such as INTERCONNECT.
Collaboration and synergies with the co-programmed European Partnership 2Zero are also expected. Areas will concern interoperable aspects of integration of storage from the EVs, including research on minimum data to be made ready for the third parties (for purpose of storage), e.g. HORIZON-CL5-2021-D5-01-03: System Approach for advanced Static Smart Charging: integration of EV with the infrastructure of the grid.
Similarly, collaboration and synergies are expected with European Partnership “Towards a competitive European industrial battery value chain for stationary applications and e-mobility”. Areas concern battery management system and operation data (e.g. HORIZON-CL5-2021-D2-01-06: Physics and data-based battery management for optimised battery utilisation), and complementarities where integration of battery systems into larger systems is not tackled (e.g. HORIZON-CL5-2022-D2-01-05: Next generation technologies for High-performance and safe-by-design battery systems for transport and mobile applications), will also be expected.
This topic will benefit from the effective contribution of SSH disciplines and the involvement of SSH experts, institutions as well as the inclusion of relevant SSH expertise, in order to produce meaningful and significant effects enhancing the societal impact of the related research activities. The Commission will make sure that projects benefit from SSH expertise through the cooperation in Bridge.
|Link||Link to Call|
|Thematic Focus||Research & Innovation, Technology Transfer & Exchange, Capacity Building, Cooperation Networks, Institutional Cooperation, Climate, Climate Change, Environment & Biodiversity, Clustering, Development Cooperation, Economic Cooperation, Circular Economy, Sustainability, Natural Resources, Green Technologies & Green Deal, Administration & Governance, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Digitisation, ICT, Telecommunication, Disaster Prevention, Resiliance, Risk Management|
|Origin of Applicant|| EU Member States |
Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs)
|Eligible applicants||Education and Training Centres, Federal State / Region / City / Municipality / Local Authority, Research Institution, Lobby Group / Professional Association / Trade Union, International Organization, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, SMEs (between 10 and 249 employees), Microenterprises (fewer than 10 employees), NGO / NPO, Public Services, National Government, Other, Start Up Company, University, Enterprise (more than 250 employees or not defined), Association|
|Applicant details|| |
eligible non-EU countries:
At the date of the publication of the work programme, there are no countries associated to Horizon Europe. Considering the Union’s interest to retain, in principle, relations with the countries associated to Horizon 2020, most third countries associated to Horizon 2020 are expected to be associated to Horizon Europe with an intention to secure uninterrupted continuity between Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe. In addition, other third countries can also become associated to Horizon Europe during the programme. For the purposes of the eligibility conditions, applicants established in Horizon 2020 Associated Countries or in other third countries negotiating association to Horizon Europe will be treated as entities established in an Associated Country, if the Horizon Europe association agreement with the third country concerned applies at the time of signature of the grant agreement.
Legal entities which are established in countries not listed above will be eligible for funding if provided for in the specific call conditions, or if their participation is considered essential for implementing the action by the granting authority.
|Project Partner Details|| |
Unless otherwise provided for in the specific call conditions , legal entities forming a consortium are eligible to participate in actions provided that the consortium includes:
|Further info|| |
Proposal page limits and layout:
The application form will have two parts:
Page limit - Part B: 70 pages
|Type of Funding||Grants|
|Financial details|| |
|Submission||Proposals must be submitted electronically via the Funding & Tenders Portal Electronic Submission System. Paper submissions are NOTpossible.|