Call: Testing safe lightweight vehicles and improved safe human-technology interaction in the future traffic system
|Type of Fund||Direct Management|
|Description of programme |
"Horizon Europe - Cluster 5 - Destination 6: Safe, Resilient Transport and Smart Mobility services for passengers and goods"
This Destination includes activities addressing safe and smart mobility services for passengers and goods.
Europe needs to manage the transformation of supply-based transport into safe, resilient and sustainable transport and demand-driven, smart mobility services for passengers and goods. Suitable research and innovation will enable significant safety, environmental, economic and social benefits by reducing accidents caused by human error, decreasing traffic congestion, reducing energy consumption and emissions of vehicles, increasing efficiency and productivity of freight transport operations. To succeed in this transformation, Europe’s ageing (and not always sustainable) transport infrastructure needs to be prepared for enabling cleaner and smarter operations.
Europe needs also to maintain a high-level of transport safety for its citizens. Resilience should be built in the transport systems to prevent, mitigate and recover from disruptions. Research and innovation will underpin the three safety pillars: technologies, regulations and human factors.
This Destination contributes to the following Strategic Plan’s Key Strategic Orientations (KSO):
It covers the following impact areas:
The expected impact, in line with the Strategic Plan, is to contribute to “Safe, seamless, smart, inclusive, resilient and sustainable mobility systems for people and goods thanks to user-centric technologies and services including digital technologies and advanced satellite navigation services”, notably through:
Connected, Cooperative and Automated Mobility (CCAM)
The aim of relevant topics under this Destination is to accelerate the implementation of innovative connected, cooperative and automated mobility (CCAM) technologies and systems. Actions will help to develop new mobility concepts for passengers and goods – enabled by CCAM - leading to healthier, safer, more accessible, sustainable, cost-effective and demand-responsive transport everywhere. CCAM solutions will shift design and development from a driver-centred to mobility-user oriented approach, providing viable alternatives for private vehicle ownership while increasing inclusiveness of mobility. CCAM must be integrated in the whole transport system to fully exploit the potential benefits of CCAM and minimise potential adverse effects, such as increasingly congested traffic or new risks in mixed traffic environments.
The focus is on road transport, but relevant interfaces with other modes (for instance transfers and integration with public transport or rail freight transport) will be considered.
All technologies, solutions, testing and demonstration activities resulting from these actions should be documented fully and transparently, to ensure replicability, increase adoption, up-scaling, assist future planning decisions and EU and national policy-making and increase citizen buy-in.
Actions are in line with the recommendations of the new European Partnership on CCAM. The Vision of the Partnership is: “European leadership in safe and sustainable road transport through automation”. It aims to harmonise European R&I efforts to accelerate the implementation of innovative CCAM technologies and services. It aims to exploit the full systemic benefits of new mobility solutions enabled by CCAM. The European Partnership on CCAM plans to closely cooperate with other European Partnerships, in particular with “Towards zero emission road transport” (2ZERO), “Driving Urban Transitions” (DUT), “Key digital technologies” (KDT), “Smart networks and services” (SNS) and “AI, data and robotics” (AI). The European Partnership will establish cooperation mechanisms to ensure close interaction when defining R&I actions to maximise synergies and avoid overlaps.
R&I actions taking place at a socio-technical level aiming to better understand the science-society relationship (particularly when social practices, market uptake or ownership are concerned) should favour solutions that are grounded in social innovation in order to achieve its desired outcomes, i.e. by matching innovative ideas with social needs and by forming new collaborations between public and private actors, including civil society and researchers from the Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH).
To test CCAM solutions, applicants can seek possibilities of involving the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) in order to valorise the relevant expertise and physical facilities of JRC in demonstrating and testing energy and mobility applications of the JRC Living Lab for Future Urban Ecosystems https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/research-facility/living-labs-at-the-jrc
The main impacts to be generated by topics targeting connected, cooperative and automated mobility under this Destination are:
Multimodal and sustainable transport systems for passengers and goods
Multimodal and sustainable transport systems are the backbone for efficient mobility of passengers and freight. In particular, the areas of infrastructure, logistics and network/traffic management play a major role in making mobility and transport climate neutral, also through the digitalisation of the sectors. At the same time, being vulnerable to climate change and other disruptions, resilience in these three areas need to be increased. New and advanced infrastructures across all transport modes are required to enable the introduction of new vehicles, operations and mobility services. Furthermore, efficient and smart multimodal logistics are key for seamless and sustainable long-haul, regional and urban freight transport movements. Finally, dynamic multimodal network and traffic management systems are the “glue” of the entire transport network, for optimised door-to-door mobility of both passengers and freight.
To test solutions related to multimodal and sustainable transport systems for passengers and good, applicants may seek possibilities of involving the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) in order to valorise the relevant expertise and physical facilities of JRC in demonstrating and testing energy and mobility applications of the JRC Living Lab for Future Urban Ecosystems[[https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/research-facility/living-labs-at-the-jrc]].
The main impacts to be generated by topics targeting Multimodal and sustainable transport systems for passengers and goods under this Destination are:
Safety and resilience - per mode and across all transport modes
Safety and resilience are of primary concern for any transport system. The EU set ambitious targets in its 2011 Transport White Paper, the third Mobility Package and, more recently, the Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy[[COM(2020) 789 final.]]. COVID-19 has been a stark reminder of the importance of resilience to external disruptions, particularly for transport. Research and innovation will underpin the three pillars affecting safety and resilience: technologies; regulations (alongside acceptable level of risks); and human factors (individual and organisational aspects, including interaction with automation). The approach is risk-based and systemic, including transport means/vehicles, infrastructure, the physical environment (e.g. weather) and the various actors (e.g. manufacturers, regulators, operators, users) as well as all their interfaces, including certification and standardisation bodies.
Synergies should be exploited across research at national, EU and international level together with national authorities, EU agencies and international organisations to improve rulemaking, safety promotion and oversight.
The main impacts to be generated by topics targeting transport safety and resilience under this Destination are:
Safety in Urban Areas/ Road Transport Safety
Waterborne Safety and Resilience
Aviation Safety and Resilience
|Link||Link to Programme|
Testing safe lightweight vehicles and improved safe human-technology interaction in the future traffic system
"Testing safe lightweight vehicles and improved safe human-technology interaction in the future traffic system"
Project results are expected to contribute to the following expected outcomes:
For Area A:
For Area B:
Actions should address the activities EITHER under area A) Testing safe lightweight vehicles OR under area B) Safe human-technology interaction in the future traffic system. Proposals should clearly indicate which area they are covering.
Area A –Testing safe lightweight vehicles
Automotive safety has significantly progressed in the last decades thanks to advanced modelling and testing capabilities and new structural concepts, as well as the introduction of active safety.
Future vehicles and their structures, however, will have to be lighter and lighter, and this means already an intrinsic reduction of safety when crashing with a heavier crash counterpart. Moreover, new structural concepts will need to be more and more designed with a circular use of materials in mind, and structures with mixed light materials and related manufacturing concepts (including casting and 3D printing of complex shapes, for instance in energy absorbers or highly integrated structural components) will be widely different from today’s mostly sheet steel based concepts. Advanced testing on crash, toughness, fracture and fatigue of new materials and concepts should be performed where relevant. A smart integration of these concepts are expected to lead the demonstration of a more sustainable and safe body-in-white with at least a 10% weight reduction on already achieved results for multimaterial research structures.
In this context, the proposed actions should analyse the crash scenarios of the future, considering active safety devices but also their potential failure and the fact that for a long time there will be a mixed traffic situation where automated and semi-automated vehicles will share the road with normal “manually driven” vehicles and all types of unprotected road users.
This requires a new way of conceiving structures and their components, to ensure that all requirements are met at the same time and to further increase safety by including vehicle compatibility concept, like harmonised rigidity between light and heavy vehicles, so that the heavy vehicle helps the more vulnerable one in absorbing the impact energy. Standardised positions for crash absorbing elements should be addressed to ensure the best engagement scenarios, as well as multi-angle optimisation, to avoid that structures are optimised only for the exact test cases in regulation or in EuroNCAP tests. A significant number of crash tests is expected to be performed for validating the different scenarios.
Area B –Safe human-technology interaction in the future traffic system
Another challenge for the safety in future transport systems and services is the ever growing and intensified human interaction with ubiquitous digital content. The overload of various kinds of information from multiple sources can lead to increased driver or unprotected road user distraction and have negative impacts on road safety.
Human machine interfaces (HMI) with adaptive characteristics continue to be developed and new functionalities are continuously added, yet the impacts of those systems on the behaviour of drivers and other road users are not sufficiently known. Further research on the effects of such technologies in road transport safety is required.
These adaptive HMI systems can support a wide range of traffic users and could be included in scenarios based on the mixed traffic and accidentology where needed. As such the applications are not limited to higher levels of vehicle automation. Therefore, they need to consider a wide variation of human capabilities and reactions as well as long-term mental and physical capacities (including disabilities and disorders) and instantaneous limitations in capabilities (collapse, illness, drowsiness, etc.).
In particular, the following aspects should be considered by future research:
While this topic is open to research on all human-technology interaction in the road transport system, specific issues of the interaction of highly automated vehicles with their occupants and other road users are covered in topic HORIZON-CL5-2022-D6-01-02.
Typically, projects should have a duration of 36 to 48 months. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts or durations.
Social innovation is recommended when the solution is at the socio-technical interface and requires social change, new social practices, social ownership or market uptake.
Specific Topic Conditions:
Activities are expected to achieve TRL 5-6 by the end of the project.
|Link||Link to Call|
|Thematic Focus||Research & Innovation, Technology Transfer & Exchange, Clustering, Development Cooperation, Economic Cooperation, Capacity Building, Cooperation Networks, Institutional Cooperation, Digitisation, ICT, Telecommunication, Mobility & Transport/Traffic , Health, Social Affairs, Sports|
|Funding area|| EU Member States |
Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs)
|Origin of Applicant|| EU Member States |
Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs)
|Eligible applicants||Education and Training Centres, Federal State / Region / City / Municipality / Local Authority, Research Institution, Lobby Group / Professional Association / Trade Union, International Organization, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, SMEs (between 10 and 249 employees), Microenterprises (fewer than 10 employees), NGO / NPO, Public Services, National Government, Other, Start Up Company, University, Enterprise (more than 250 employees or not defined), Association|
|Applicant details|| |
eligible non-EU countries:
At the date of the publication of the work programme, there are no countries associated to Horizon Europe. Considering the Union’s interest to retain, in principle, relations with the countries associated to Horizon 2020, most third countries associated to Horizon 2020 are expected to be associated to Horizon Europe with an intention to secure uninterrupted continuity between Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe. In addition, other third countries can also become associated to Horizon Europe during the programme. For the purposes of the eligibility conditions, applicants established in Horizon 2020 Associated Countries or in other third countries negotiating association to Horizon Europe will be treated as entities established in an Associated Country, if the Horizon Europe association agreement with the third country concerned applies at the time of signature of the grant agreement.
Legal entities which are established in countries not listed above will be eligible for funding if provided for in the specific call conditions, or if their participation is considered essential for implementing the action by the granting authority.
|Project Partner Details|| |
Unless otherwise provided for in the specific call conditions , legal entities forming a consortium are eligible to participate in actions provided that the consortium includes:
|Further info|| |
Proposal page limits and layout:
The application form will have two parts:
Page limit - Part B: 45 pages
|Type of Funding||Grants|
|Financial details|| |
|Submission||Proposals must be submitted electronically via the Funding & Tenders Portal Electronic Submission System. Paper submissions are NOTpossible.|