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Call: Supporting the formulation of adaptation strategies through improved climate predictions in Europe and beyond

Acronym HE-CL5-D1
Type of Fund Direct Management
Description of programme
"Horizon Europe - Cluster 5 - Destination 1: Climate sciences and responses for the transformation towards climate neutrality"

Europe has been at the forefront of climate science and should retain its leadership position to support EU policies as well as international efforts for a global uptake of climate action in line with the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including biodiversity objectives. Advancing climate science and further broadening and deepening the knowledge base is essential to inform the societal transition towards a climate neutral and climate resilient society by 2050, as well as towards a more ambitious greenhouse gas reduction target by 2030. It will involve research that furthers our understanding of past, present and expected future changes in climate and its implications on ecosystems and society, closing knowledge gaps, and develops the tools that support policy coherence and the implementation of effective mitigation and adaptation solutions. Due to the inherent international character of this subject, international collaboration is encouraged for topics under this destination.

The activities implemented under this section will enable the transition to a climate-neutral and resilient society and economy through improving the knowledge of the Earth system and the ability to predict and project its changes under different natural and socio-economic drivers, including a better understanding of society’s response and behavioural changes, and allowing a better estimation of the impacts of climate change and the design and evaluation of solutions and pathways for climate change mitigation and adaptation and related social transformation.

This Destination contributes directly to the Strategic Plan’s Key Strategic Orientation C ”Making Europe the first digitally enabled circular, climate-neutral and sustainable economy through the transformation of its mobility, energy, construction and production systems” and the impact area “Climate change mitigation and adaptation”.

In line with the Strategic Plan, the overall expected impact of this Destination is to contribute to the “Transition to a climate-neutral and resilient society and economy enabled through advanced climate science, pathways and responses to climate change (mitigation and adaptation) and behavioural transformations”, notably through:

  1. Advancing knowledge and providing solutions in the any of following areas: Earth system science; pathways to climate neutrality; climate change adaptation including climate services; social science for climate action; and better understanding of climate-ecosystems interactions.
  2. Contributing substantially to key international assessments such as those of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) or the European Environment Agency (e.g. European environment state and outlook reports, SOER).
  3. Strengthening the European Research Area on climate change.
  4. Increasing the transparency, robustness, trustworthiness and practical usability of the knowledge base on climate change for use by policy makers, practitioners, other stakeholders and citizens.

Coordination and synergies between activities supported under Destination 1, as well as in other Destinations and Clusters, and in particular complementarities with Cluster 4 and Cluster 6 should be taken into account by planning for adequate resources for co-ordination and clustering activities. Following a systemic approach, Destination 1 concentrates on activities related to climate science and modelling, whereas Cluster 6 supports R&I in the areas covered by Cluster 6, notably on the implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation solutions.

Link Link to Programme
Supporting the formulation of adaptation strategies through improved climate predictions in Europe and beyond
Description of call
"Supporting the formulation of adaptation strategies through improved climate predictions in Europe and beyond"

Expected Outcome

  • Support to the implementation of the new EU Adaptation Strategy and the Mission on adaptation to climate change, including societal transformation, through better access to improved knowledge about climate impacts and fit-for-purpose data on individual and collective climate risks for all levels of government and stakeholders.
  • Reduced vulnerability to climate change impacts based on decadal predictions which are a key source of information for better planning of adaptation options.
  • Improved assessment of risks for people and systems exposed to extreme weather and climate events.
  • Enhanced scientific collaboration and exploitation of synergies across the EU and Associated Countries for the provision of climate information to stakeholders engaged with the implementation of the EU Adaptation Strategy.
  • Enhanced European cooperation and leadership in climate sciences e.g. in the frame of the Euro-CORDEX initiative, a part of WCRP’s Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment project (CORDEX).


Proposals should aim at improving seasonal to decadal prediction to boost their quality at regional to local scale in particular for Europe and for variables of high societal relevance. Actions will enable progress in closing the gap between current skill and potential predictability estimates, as well as better aligning with immediate adaptation needs of end-users and making those predictions actionable. Ultimately, methodologies need to be developed to merge simulations from long-term weather forecast to climate predictions and projections, resulting in seamless climate information from sub-seasonal to seasonal and decadal predictions for the next 30 years.

Proposals should also improve assessments of risk through extreme climate-related events on a range of temporal and spatial scales, as well as early detection of tipping points. Tackle uncertainties regarding regional patterns and magnitude of changes and improve understanding of how existing model biases affect the representation of extremes regarding the intensity and frequency of hazards, including the co-variability of different risk factors, and ultimately reducing the biases.

Better exploiting climate variables can enhance consistency with impact models and avoid potential mismatches, leading to better understanding of interactions between climate system and other natural and socio-economic systems (e.g. insurance practices) as well as feedbacks related to land use and cover, urban dynamics, air quality, etc., which are very relevant for model simulations at regional scale. Actions should explore novel ways of coupling existing impact models with climate models to provide quality forecast at the local scale, focussing for example on cities. Actions are encouraged to develop guidance on selection or aggregation of model data for local impact assessments, with clear justification of the procedures, allowing transformation of uncertainty into a manageable package of information.

Coordination with the Destination Earth initiative can be proposed to ensure the timely development of “climate replicas” building on the new state-of-the-art IT infrastructure, including access to European high performance computing resources and an operational platform to upload and integrate the models and data developed in the course of the projects. Data should be FAIR and based on standards. Models should also be fully documented in terms of assumptions, architecture, code and data.

Participants should also ensure synergies with relevant projects and initiatives (e.g. Digital Twin of the Ocean under the EU Green Deal call LC-GD-9-3-2020: Transparent & Accessible Seas and Oceans: Towards a Digital Twin of the Ocean and the Digital Europe Programme).

Model development should be properly connected with major programmes in the domain of Earth Observation such as the Copernicus Programme and the ESA science satellite missions in Europe, as well as the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) and the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) at global level.

Actions should ensure the dissemination of project results to policy-makers and stakeholders to support long-term planning. International cooperation is encouraged with the aim to ensure the sharing of knowledge and experience between Europe and third countries on climate change impact and adaptation option modelling and assessment.

This topic requires the effective contribution of SSH disciplines and the involvement of SSH experts, institutions as well as the inclusion of relevant SSH and gender expertise, in order to produce meaningful and significant effects enhancing the societal impact of the related research activities.

Link Link to Call
Thematic Focus Research & Innovation, Technology Transfer & Exchange, Capacity Building, Cooperation Networks, Institutional Cooperation, Climate, Climate Change, Environment & Biodiversity, Clustering, Development Cooperation, Economic Cooperation, Circular Economy, Sustainability, Natural Resources, Green Technologies & Green Deal, Demographic Change, Migration, Administration & Governance, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy
Origin of Applicant EU Member States
Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs)
Eligible applicants Education and Training Centres, Federal State / Region / City / Municipality / Local Authority, Research Institution, Lobby Group / Professional Association / Trade Union, International Organization, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, SMEs (between 10 and 249 employees), Microenterprises (fewer than 10 employees), NGO / NPO, Public Services, National Government, Other, Start Up Company, University, Enterprise (more than 250 employees or not defined), Association
Applicant details

eligible non-EU countries:

  • countries associated to Horizon Europe
At the date of the publication of the work programme, there are no countries associated to Horizon Europe. Considering the Union’s interest to retain, in principle, relations with the countries associated to Horizon 2020, most third countries associated to Horizon 2020 are expected to be associated to Horizon Europe with an intention to secure uninterrupted continuity between Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe. In addition, other third countries can also become associated to Horizon Europe during the programme. For the purposes of the eligibility conditions, applicants established in Horizon 2020 Associated Countries or in other third countries negotiating association to Horizon Europe will be treated as entities established in an Associated Country, if the Horizon Europe association agreement with the third country concerned applies at the time of signature of the grant agreement.

  • low-and middle-income countries

Legal entities which are established in countries not listed above will be eligible for funding if provided for in the specific call conditions, or if their participation is considered essential for implementing the action by the granting authority.

Specific cases:

  • Affiliated entities - Affiliated entities are eligible for funding if they are established in one of the countries listed above.
  • EU bodies - Legal entities created under EU law may also be eligible to receive funding, unless their basic act states otherwise.
  • International organisations - International European research organisations are eligible to receive funding. Unless their participation is considered essential for implementing the action by the granting authority, other international organisations are not eligible to receive funding. International organisations with headquarters in a Member State or Associated Country are eligible to receive funding for ‘Training and mobility’actions and when provided for in the specific call conditions.
Project Partner Yes
Project Partner Details

Unless otherwise provided for in the specific call conditions , legal entities forming a consortium are eligible to participate in actions provided that the consortium includes:

  • at least one independent legal entity established in a Member State;and
  • at least two other independent legal entities, each established in different Member States or Associated Countries.
Further info

Proposal page limits and layout:

The application form will have two parts:

  • Part A to be filled in directly online  (administrative information, summarised budget, call-specific questions, etc.)
  • Part B to be downloaded from the Portal submission system, completed and re-uploaded as a PDF in the system

Page limit - Part B: 60 pages

Type of Funding Grants
Financial details
Expected EU contribution per projectThe Commission estimates that an EU contribution of around EUR 10.00 million would allow these outcomes to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of a proposal requesting different amounts.
Indicative budgetThe total indicative budget for the topic is EUR 20.00 million.
Typ of ActionResearch and Innovation Actions (RIA)
Funding rate100%
Submission Proposals must be submitted electronically via the Funding & Tenders Portal Electronic Submission System. Paper submissions are NOTpossible.

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