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  1. An institution, body, office or agency established by or based on the Treaty on European Union and the Treaties establishing the European Communities.

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  1. Governance, partnership: Projects aimed at increasing the application of multilevel and transnational or cross-border governance, designing and testing appropriate governance structures and mechanisms. Also cooperation between public institutions on any theme.

    Innovation capacity and awareness-raising: Actions that increase a person’s or organisation’s capacity for innovation (not innovation as such), and that establish the capacity to diffuse and apply innovation; projects that stimulate innovation in different areas and innovation capacities; strengthening and empowering of innovation networks.

    Institutional cooperation and cooperation networks: Projects working on the improvement of institutional cross-border co-operation and capacities, on renewing and simplifying administrative management through long term cooperation between institutions (e.g. Euregion), on establishing and sharing regional knowledge and intercultural understanding and cohesion. It also deals with cooperations between universities, health care facilities, schools and sports organisations, as well as with management and capacity building.

    Activities focussing on agricultural products, organic farming, horticulture, as well as forest management and wood products; furthermore the development of the food sector, food chains, organic food production, and seafood products and any topics related to animals and fishing.

    Agriculture and fisheries and forestry: Projects focussing on agricultural products (i.e. fruits, meat, olives, etc.), organic farming, horticulture, as well as forest management and wood products. Also the development of the agro-food sector, food chains, organic food production, and seafood products. Any topics related to animals (i.e. health, management) and fishing (i.e. sustainable fishery, aquaculture).

    Soil and air quality: Projects that deal with any topic against soil and air pollution, except water pollution, for example, reduction of soil and air contamination, pollution-management systems, but also prevention and eradication of soil erosion, new ways of improving air quality (also indoors) and soil/air knowledge in general.

    Climate change and biodiversity projects assisting mitigation and adaption to climate change and environmental impacts of climate change. Development of low carbon technologies and strategies, reduction of CO2 emissions from all sectors. Promotion of biodiversity, new instruments to enhance biodiversity and natural protection.

    Soil and air quality projects that deal with any topic against soil and air pollution, except water pollution, for example, reduction of soil and air contamination, pollution-management systems, but also prevention and eradication of soil erosion, new ways of improving air quality (also indoors) and soil/air knowledge in general.

    Water management projects about management and distribution of drinking water, integrated sustainable water management, monitoring systems for water supply and improving drinking water quality; also water treatment (wastewater), in particular, innovative technologies to improve wastewater, treatments in the purification of industrial and domestic wastewater and water reuse policies. Waterways, lakes and rivers: This deals with any topics on waterways, lakes and rivers, from improving water quality, protecting and developing of ecosystems or sustainable wetland management.

    Activities that protect, promote and enhance cultural and natural heritage, increase the attractiveness through preservation and valorisation of common cultural and natural heritage in a sustainable manner, and improve and develop cultural and natural heritage objects, services and products. Cultural heritage management, art and culture, (maritime) heritage routes, access to cultural and natural heritage. Also all topics on cultural services such as festivals, concerts, art workshops.

    Cultural heritage and arts projects that protect, promote and enhance cultural and natural heritage, increase the attractiveness through preservation and valorisation of common cultural and natural heritage in a sustainable manner, and improve and develop cultural and natural heritage objects, services and products. Cultural heritage management, art and culture, (maritime) heritage routes, access to cultural and natural heritage. Also all topics on cultural services such as festivals, concerts, art workshops.

    Tourism projects dealing with the promotion of natural assets, and the protection and development of natural heritage, as well as increasing the touristic attractiveness through the better use of natural, cultural and historical heritage. Also projects about improved tourist services/products, development of ecotourism models, tourism development strategies.

    Sustainable management of natural resources projects focussing on the protection, promotion and valorization, and sustainable management and conservation of natural areas (habitats, geo parks, protected areas, etc.). Also projects focussing on preserving and enhancing cultural and natural heritage and landscape, as well as protecting the marine environment.

    Projects on waste management (innovative services and strategies), ecological waste treatment, treatment techniques/systems; waste disposal and recycling (improvement of recycling, innovative recycling technologies, recovery of organic waste, repair & re-use centres and networks); also prevention of pollution and pollution control (ecological and circular economy, marine littering, etc.).

    Labour market and employment: creating employment opportunities and/or optimising jobs, academic (un)employment and job mobility, workforce attraction and improvement of employment conditions for different groups.

    SME and entrepreneurship: strengthening SME capacities, boosting entrepreneurial activities in different sectors and for different groups, supporting social entrepreneurship, creating business support/advisory systems for start-ups/spin-offs/incubators, improving the competitiveness of SMEs, and promoting new business processes.

    Community integration and common identity projects that build identity, create a more cohesive society, promote positive relations through an increased provision of shared spaces and services.

    Demographic change and immigration is about projects tackling major societal challenges like demographic change in different areas and migration, in particular, aging society (active aging, best agers, silver economy strategies) and related new public services (adaptation of key services and infrastructure), social and spatial segregation, and brain drain. Also all topics on migration (policy tools, strategic planning, integration).

    All projects where ICT has a significant role, including tailor-made ICT solutions in different fields, as well as digital innovation hubs, open data, Internet of Things; ICT access and connecting (remote) areas with digital infrastructure and services; services and applications for citizens (e-health, e-government, e-learning, e-inclusion, etc.); services and applications for companies (e-commerce, networking, digital transformation, etc.).

    This is about the mitigation and management of risks and disasters, and the anticipation and response capacity towards the actors regarding specific risks and management of natural disasters, for example, prevention of flood and drought hazards, forest fire, strong weather conditions, etc.. It is also about risk assessment and safety.

    Education and training projects on expanding educational opportunities, reducing barriers in the field of education, improving higher education and lifelong learning, training and labour mobility, educational networks, higher vocational education, common learning programmes.

    Topics on energy management, energy-saving methods, evaluating energy efficiency measurements, energy rehabilitation/efficiency in buildings / public infrastructure, promotion of energy efficiency, cooperation among experienced energy efficiency firms, institutions and local administrations, co-generation.

    Projects focussing on wind, solar, biomass, hydroelectric, geothermal and other renewable energy, increasing the production of sustainable renewable energy and improving research capacities in biomass. Also projects focussing on storage and management of renewable energy, new technologies, sustainable regional bioenergy policies and financial Instruments for investments on renewable energy.

    Social projects concerning people with disabilities and excluded groups; enhancement of the capacity of children, young people, women and elderly; creation of infrastructure to improve access for disabled people, integration of socially vulnerable people; innovate in the care of victims of gender violence, social inclusion of women, etc.

    This deals with the development of health and social services and improved accessibility and efficiency for different groups (elderly, children, etc.). It is also about new healthcare models and medical diagnosis and treatments (dementia, cancer, diabetes, etc.), hospitals, care management, and rare diseases, as well as improving wellbeing and promoting sports.

    Projects about (organised) crime, efficient and secure borders, such as enhancing the effectiveness of the police in the prevention of drug crimes, the development of safety services, or tackling security and organised crime issues.

    Activities related to:

    • Transport and mobility covering all sorts of transport (incl. urban transport) and mobility.
    • Improving transport connections dealing with traffic and/or transport connections, rehabiliation/modernisation, better connectivity, improving accessibility/connections, but also public transport.
    • Multimodal transport and logistics and freight transport focusing on using different means of transport, developing multimodal connections, optimising intermodal transport chains; offering multimodal logistics solutions and providing access to clean, efficient and multimodal transport corridors and hubs; establishing cooperation among logistic centres and developing multimodal mobility strategies.

    Activities related to:

    • urban development, such as planning and design of cities and urban areas, urban renewal, urban-rural links (climate, sustainable mobility, water efficiency, participation, sustainable land use, smart cities, public urban areas, regeneration)
    • regional planning and development, such as the implementation of regional development policies/instruments and programmes, sustainable land use management plans, integrated regional action plans, spatial planning, and marine protected area management.
    • rural and peripheral development, referring to remote, sparsely populated areas, rural community development, and rural economics, in particular access to remote areas and policies for rural areas.
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Call key data

Air quality and environment

Funding Program

Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance

Call number




15.01.2024 12:00

Call budget

€ 2,000,000.00

Estimated EU contribution per project

€ 2,000,000.00

Link to the call

Call content

short description

The overall objective is the sustainable development and protection of the environment for present and future generations by strengthen the capacity of the Republic of Moldova to fulfil environment-related commitments, in line with the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agreement, the EU Integration process and international agreements.

Call objectives

The specific objective of this Twinning project is to increase the pace of approximation and implementation of the acquis communautaire in the fields of air quality and air pollution reduction, environmental information, circular economy/waste management and sustainable management of chemicals.

Expected effects and impacts

The proposed project will support the Government of the Republic of Moldova to build its institutional capacities to harmonize its legislation with the acquis communautaire and international commitments, including implementation of the Association Agreement (AA signed on 27 June 2014, and fully applied after ratification in 2016) between the European Union and the Republic of Moldova (specifically Chapter 16 on Environment, i.e., Articles 86-91, and Annex XI on Environment). Also, a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Agreement (DCFTA) became applicable.

The implementation of the AA has been monitored through Association Implementation Reports (the latest issued on 19 October 2021) and reviewed in several bilateral dialogue formats. The EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agenda is the main tool of the AA; its present version is valid for the years 2017-2027. Within this frame, the most recent ‘Recommendation of the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Council’ is dated 22 August 2022, listing (in its Annex, chapter 3 IV 2 on Environment) short-term and long-term priorities related to the environmental sector as follows (p. 124-125):

  • “Continue approximation to the EU laws on environment in terms of relevant policy documents, laws and secondary legislation, in particular on waste management, (…) industrial pollution, chemicals, (…) air quality and climate change.
  • Complete the institutional reform in the sector in order to build a sound environmental administration (…) to implement and enforce the EU environmental acquis.
  • Cooperate with the Republic of Moldova on development of green and circular economy (…) thus contributing to the goals of the European Green Deal”.

During the European Council on 23 June 2022, Moldova was granted EU candidate status. Ahead of this decision, the country submitted the ‘Information requested by the European Commission to the Government of the Republic of Moldova for the preparation of the Opinion on the application of the Republic of Moldova for membership of the European Union’. Chapter 27 outlines the status in areas to be addressed by this Twinning project. An annual assessment of progress under Chapter 27 will be part of the annual Enlargement Packages.

This Twinning is also coherent with the national priorities set in the main strategic planning document of the country, the National Development Strategy (NDS) “European Moldova 2030” (approved by the Parliament in November 2022), which includes a socio-economic analysis in its chapter 2 and wherein “Goal 10 Ensuring a healthy and safe environment” is directly relevant to this Twinning. This NDS streamlines environmental topics, especially in its chapter 4, and (in its section 5.23, page 69) contains environmental targets and indicators that should be regularly monitored and reported.

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Expected results

Mandatory Result 1 / Component 1: Air quality management, control and enforcement strengthened

Results to be achieved under component 1 include strengthening the legal and regulatory framework and strengthening institutional capacities for implementation, monitoring and control (enforcement). Twinning support shall be provided to development of the National Air Pollution Monitoring and Control Programme and the National Integrated Air Quality Monitoring and Management System (RNMCA, in its Romanian-language abbreviation).

  • Sub-result 1.1 National legal and regulatory framework on ambient air quality, industrial emissions, pollution prevention and control aligned with EU acquis and good practices
  • Sub-result 1.2 (Re)design of the National air quality measurement network
  • Sub-result 1.3 Air quality management and air pollution reduction strengthened
  • Sub-result 1.4 Environmental Reference Laboratory for air quality strengthened, aligned with International and European standards and accreditation
  • Sub-result 1.5 Intersectoral and multi-stakeholder cooperation enhanced

Mandatory Result 2 / Component 2: Integrated environmental data system improved

Component 2 focusses on support of the Ministry of environment in creating and operationalizing an integrated system for environmental data with a ‘one-entry point’ for environmental data analysis and reporting to meet future reporting obligations arising from EU accession. This includes strengthening the Environmental monitoring system, ensuring provision of timely and the high quality information that supports strategic environmental policy planning and compliance control and improved public access to environmental information. This component will be closely coordinated with the EU4Environment Water and Data programme 2021-24 and subsequent relevant regional programmes in formulation.

  • Sub-result 2.1 Analysis of existing data sets related to the environment conducted
  • Sub-result 2.2 Conceptualising a Moldovan integrated environmental data system - concept of integration of environmental data developed
  • Sub-result 2.3 Environmental data and information data sets and reporting framework created
  • Sub-result 2.4 Technical implementation improved – linking data systems with ongoing administrative procedures

Mandatory Result 3 / Component 3: Circular Economy – waste management systems strengthened

Twinning actions under result number 3 aim at the creation of an integrated waste management system, that contributes to reduction in the amount of landfilled waste and increase in recycling rates. Specific expert support shall be coordinated with other EU and development partner initiatives as the regional programme ‘EU4Green Recovery East’.

  • Sub-result 3.1 Waste management gap-analysis of legal and regulatory framework conducted
  • Sub-result 3.2 Permitting system for undertakings carrying out disposal or recovery operations established, with specific obligations for hazardous wastes management
  • Sub-result 3.3 Assessment of the register of waste collection and transport establishments and undertakings for establishments or undertakings conducted
  • Sub-result 3.4 Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) strengthened
  • Sub-result 3.5 Circular economy strengthened - waste planning and recycling 
  • Sub-result 3.6 Environmental inspection activities regarding waste reinforced
  • Sub-result 3.7 Awareness raising and environmental education promoted

Mandatory Result 4 / Component 4: Environmentally sound management of chemicals strengthened

Twinning activities under this component shall support strengthening the legal and regulatory framework as well as institutional and staff capacities for the sound management of chemicals, including dangerous substances.

  • Sub-result 4.1 Legal and regulatory framework gap-analysis conducted
  • Sub-result 4.2 Institution building – monitoring and control reinforced
  • Sub-result 4.3 Moldova’s Seveso Law on the control of major accident hazards involving dangerous substances implementing framework created

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Eligibility Criteria

Regions / countries for funding

EU Member States
Moldova (Moldova)

eligible entities

Public Body (national, regional and local; incl. EGTCs)

Mandatory partnership


Project Partnership

Only Public Administrations and Mandated bodies as per Twinning Manual of European Union Member States may apply through European Union Member States’ National Contact Points.

other eligibility criteria

The central beneficiary for this Twinning project is the Ministry of Environment (MoE) of the Republic of Moldova. As its main task, the MoE develops and promotes state policy in the field of environmental protection and rational use of natural resources, aimed at creating conditions favourable to life, sustainable development of the country, international collaboration, approximation of national legislation to that of the European Union. After the re-establishment of the Ministry of Environment (MoE) in 2021 (i.e., separated from the earlier Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment MARDE), the circular economy policy and economic instruments service was founded within the Ministry as a separate entity. While MoE’s responsibility includes drafting environmental legislation, the Environmental Agency (EA, see its organisational structure in Figure 2) and the Environmental Inspectorate (direct translation from Romanian: Inspectorate for Environmental Inspection, EI, see its organisational structure in Figure 3) are bodies subordinated to the MoE and are responsible for implementation of legislation, and therefore are included in this Twinning as “other main beneficiaries”. The institutional collaboration follows the three institutions’ mandates.

Additional information


Air Quality, Biodiversity & Environment, Climate & Climate Change, Water quality & management, 
Circular Economy, Natural Resources, 
Disaster Prevention, Resilience, Risk Management

Relevance for EU Macro-Region

EUSDR - EU Strategy for the Danube Region

UN Sustainable Development Goals (UN-SDGs)

project duration

30 months

Additional Information

Twinning proposals must be submitted by the Member State Administration to the EU Member States National Contact Points for Twinning following the instructions of the Twinning Manual which must be strictly observed (including the use of the template). 

Only one Twinning proposal for Member State can be submitted by the Member State National Contact Points for Twinning to the Contracting Authority within the deadline for applications. 

The MS application should be submitted to the Contracting Authority via the email address of Member State National Contact Points for Twinning.

The official language of the project is the one used as contract language under the instrument (English). All formal communications regarding the project, including interim and final reports, shall be produced in the language of the contract.


Twinning NCP Austria
+43 50 1150 3668

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