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Air quality and environment
Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA III)
Estimated EU contribution per project
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The overall objective is the sustainable development and protection of the environment for present and future generations by strengthen the capacity of the Republic of Moldova to fulfil environment-related commitments, in line with the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agreement, the EU Integration process and international agreements.
The specific objective of this Twinning project is to increase the pace of approximation and implementation of the acquis communautaire in the fields of air quality and air pollution reduction, environmental information, circular economy/waste management and sustainable management of chemicals.
Expected effects and impacts
The proposed project will support the Government of the Republic of Moldova to build its institutional capacities to harmonize its legislation with the acquis communautaire and international commitments, including implementation of the Association Agreement (AA signed on 27 June 2014, and fully applied after ratification in 2016) between the European Union and the Republic of Moldova (specifically Chapter 16 on Environment, i.e., Articles 86-91, and Annex XI on Environment). Also, a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Agreement (DCFTA) became applicable.
The implementation of the AA has been monitored through Association Implementation Reports (the latest issued on 19 October 2021) and reviewed in several bilateral dialogue formats. The EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agenda is the main tool of the AA; its present version is valid for the years 2017-2027. Within this frame, the most recent ‘Recommendation of the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Council’ is dated 22 August 2022, listing (in its Annex, chapter 3 IV 2 on Environment) short-term and long-term priorities related to the environmental sector as follows (p. 124-125):
- “Continue approximation to the EU laws on environment in terms of relevant policy documents, laws and secondary legislation, in particular on waste management, (…) industrial pollution, chemicals, (…) air quality and climate change.
- Complete the institutional reform in the sector in order to build a sound environmental administration (…) to implement and enforce the EU environmental acquis.
- Cooperate with the Republic of Moldova on development of green and circular economy (…) thus contributing to the goals of the European Green Deal”.
During the European Council on 23 June 2022, Moldova was granted EU candidate status. Ahead of this decision, the country submitted the ‘Information requested by the European Commission to the Government of the Republic of Moldova for the preparation of the Opinion on the application of the Republic of Moldova for membership of the European Union’. Chapter 27 outlines the status in areas to be addressed by this Twinning project. An annual assessment of progress under Chapter 27 will be part of the annual Enlargement Packages.
This Twinning is also coherent with the national priorities set in the main strategic planning document of the country, the National Development Strategy (NDS) “European Moldova 2030” (approved by the Parliament in November 2022), which includes a socio-economic analysis in its chapter 2 and wherein “Goal 10 Ensuring a healthy and safe environment” is directly relevant to this Twinning. This NDS streamlines environmental topics, especially in its chapter 4, and (in its section 5.23, page 69) contains environmental targets and indicators that should be regularly monitored and reported.
Mandatory Result 1 / Component 1: Air quality management, control and enforcement strengthened
Results to be achieved under component 1 include strengthening the legal and regulatory framework and strengthening institutional capacities for implementation, monitoring and control (enforcement). Twinning support shall be provided to development of the National Air Pollution Monitoring and Control Programme and the National Integrated Air Quality Monitoring and Management System (RNMCA, in its Romanian-language abbreviation).
- Sub-result 1.1 National legal and regulatory framework on ambient air quality, industrial emissions, pollution prevention and control aligned with EU acquis and good practices
- Sub-result 1.2 (Re)design of the National air quality measurement network
- Sub-result 1.3 Air quality management and air pollution reduction strengthened
- Sub-result 1.4 Environmental Reference Laboratory for air quality strengthened, aligned with International and European standards and accreditation
- Sub-result 1.5 Intersectoral and multi-stakeholder cooperation enhanced
Mandatory Result 2 / Component 2: Integrated environmental data system improved
Component 2 focusses on support of the Ministry of environment in creating and operationalizing an integrated system for environmental data with a ‘one-entry point’ for environmental data analysis and reporting to meet future reporting obligations arising from EU accession. This includes strengthening the Environmental monitoring system, ensuring provision of timely and the high quality information that supports strategic environmental policy planning and compliance control and improved public access to environmental information. This component will be closely coordinated with the EU4Environment Water and Data programme 2021-24 and subsequent relevant regional programmes in formulation.
- Sub-result 2.1 Analysis of existing data sets related to the environment conducted
- Sub-result 2.2 Conceptualising a Moldovan integrated environmental data system - concept of integration of environmental data developed
- Sub-result 2.3 Environmental data and information data sets and reporting framework created
- Sub-result 2.4 Technical implementation improved – linking data systems with ongoing administrative procedures
Mandatory Result 3 / Component 3: Circular Economy – waste management systems strengthened
Twinning actions under result number 3 aim at the creation of an integrated waste management system, that contributes to reduction in the amount of landfilled waste and increase in recycling rates. Specific expert support shall be coordinated with other EU and development partner initiatives as the regional programme ‘EU4Green Recovery East’.
- Sub-result 3.1 Waste management gap-analysis of legal and regulatory framework conducted
- Sub-result 3.2 Permitting system for undertakings carrying out disposal or recovery operations established, with specific obligations for hazardous wastes management
- Sub-result 3.3 Assessment of the register of waste collection and transport establishments and undertakings for establishments or undertakings conducted
- Sub-result 3.4 Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) strengthened
- Sub-result 3.5 Circular economy strengthened - waste planning and recycling
- Sub-result 3.6 Environmental inspection activities regarding waste reinforced
- Sub-result 3.7 Awareness raising and environmental education promoted
Mandatory Result 4 / Component 4: Environmentally sound management of chemicals strengthened
Twinning activities under this component shall support strengthening the legal and regulatory framework as well as institutional and staff capacities for the sound management of chemicals, including dangerous substances.
- Sub-result 4.1 Legal and regulatory framework gap-analysis conducted
- Sub-result 4.2 Institution building – monitoring and control reinforced
- Sub-result 4.3 Moldova’s Seveso Law on the control of major accident hazards involving dangerous substances implementing framework created
Regions / countries for funding
Public Body (national, regional and local; incl. EGTCs)
Only Public Administrations and Mandated bodies as per Twinning Manual of European Union Member States may apply through European Union Member States’ National Contact Points.
other eligibility criteria
The central beneficiary for this Twinning project is the Ministry of Environment (MoE) of the Republic of Moldova. As its main task, the MoE develops and promotes state policy in the field of environmental protection and rational use of natural resources, aimed at creating conditions favourable to life, sustainable development of the country, international collaboration, approximation of national legislation to that of the European Union. After the re-establishment of the Ministry of Environment (MoE) in 2021 (i.e., separated from the earlier Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment MARDE), the circular economy policy and economic instruments service was founded within the Ministry as a separate entity. While MoE’s responsibility includes drafting environmental legislation, the Environmental Agency (EA, see its organisational structure in Figure 2) and the Environmental Inspectorate (direct translation from Romanian: Inspectorate for Environmental Inspection, EI, see its organisational structure in Figure 3) are bodies subordinated to the MoE and are responsible for implementation of legislation, and therefore are included in this Twinning as “other main beneficiaries”. The institutional collaboration follows the three institutions’ mandates.
Relevance for EU Macro-Region
EUSDR - EU Strategy for the Danube Region
UN Sustainable Development Goals (UN-SDGs)
Twinning proposals must be submitted by the Member State Administration to the EU Member States National Contact Points for Twinning following the instructions of the Twinning Manual which must be strictly observed (including the use of the template).
Only one Twinning proposal for Member State can be submitted by the Member State National Contact Points for Twinning to the Contracting Authority within the deadline for applications.
The MS application should be submitted to the Contracting Authority via the email address of Member State National Contact Points for Twinning.
The official language of the project is the one used as contract language under the instrument (English). All formal communications regarding the project, including interim and final reports, shall be produced in the language of the contract.