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Program key data
Common Agricultural Policy
|Link to the program||agriculture.ec.europa.eu|
Content of program
The common agricultural policy (CAP) is about food, the environment and the countryside. The CAP is a partnership between society and agriculture that ensures a stable supply of food, safeguards farmers’ income, protects the environment and keeps rural areas vibrant.
Launched in 1962, the EU’s common agricultural policy (CAP) is a partnership between agriculture and society, and between Europe and its farmers. It aims to:
The CAP is a common policy for all EU countries. It is managed and funded at European level from the resources of the EU’s budget.
To consolidate the role of European agriculture for the future, the CAP has evolved over the years to meet changing economic circumstances and citizens’ requirements and needs.
The CAP 2023-27 entered into force on 1 January 2023. Support for farmers and rural stakeholders across the 27 EU countries is based on the CAP 2023-27 legal framework and the choices detailed in the CAP Strategic Plans, approved by the Commission. The approved Plans are designed to make a significant contribution to the ambitions of the European Green Deal, Farm to Fork Strategy and Biodiversity Strategy.
The CAP in practice
Farming is unlike most other businesses, as the following special considerations apply:
While being cost-effective, farmers should work in a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner, and maintain our soils and biodiversity.
Business uncertainties and the environmental impact of farming justify the significant role that the public sector plays for our farmers. The CAP takes action with the following measures:
|Expected effects and impacts|
The CAP defines the conditions that will allow farmers to fulfil their functions in society in the following ways:
Rural community development
Environmentally sustainable farming
|Regions / countries for funding||EU Member States, Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT)|
|Education and training institution, Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME), Other, Non-Profit Organisation (NPO) / Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO), Private institution, incl. private company (private for profit), International organization, Public Body (national, regional and local; incl. EGTCs), Research Institution incl. University|
|Topics||Agriculture & Forestry, Fishery, Food, Soil quality, Air Quality, Biodiversity & Environment, Climate & Climate Change, Water quality & management, Circular Economy, Natural Resources, Competitiveness of Enterprises, Employment/Labour Market, SME & entrepreneurship, Health, Social Services, Sports, Rural & Urban Development/Planning|
|Relevance for EU Macro-Region||EUSAIR - EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region, EUSALP - EU Strategy for the Alpine Space, EUSBSR - EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region, EUSDR - EU Strategy for the Danube Region|
|UN Sustainable Development Goals (UN-SDGs)|
17.10.2023 - 09.01.2024