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  1. An institution, body, office or agency established by or based on the Treaty on European Union and the Treaties establishing the European Communities.

    All education and training facilities for people of different age groups.

    An intergovernmental organization having legal personality under public international law or a specialized agency established by such an international organization. An international organization, the majority of whose members are Member States or Associated Countries and whose main objective is to promote scientific and technological cooperation in Europe, is an International Organization of European Interest.

    A person with legal rights and obligations. Unlike a legal entity, a natural person does not have a legal act (e.g. association, limited liability company, etc.).

    An NPO is an institution or organization which, by virtue of its legal form, is not profit-oriented or which is required by law not to distribute profits to its shareholders or individual members. An NGO is a non-governmental, non-profit organization that does not represent business interests. Pursues a common purpose for the benefit of society.

    A partnership, corporation, person, or agency that is for-profit and not operated by the government.

    Any government or other public administration, including public advisory bodies, at the national, regional or local level.

    A research institution is a legal entity established as a non-profit organization whose main objective is to conduct research or technological development. A college/university is a legal entity recognized by its national education system as a university or college or secondary school. It may be a public or private institution.

    A microenterprise, a small or medium-sized enterprise (business) as defined in EU Recommendation 2003/361. To qualify as an SME for EU funding, an enterprise must meet certain conditions, including (a) fewer than 250 employees and (b) an annual turnover not exceeding EUR 50 million and/or an annual balance sheet total not exceeding EUR 43 million. These ceilings apply only to the figures for individual companies.

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  1. Governance, partnership: Projects aimed at increasing the application of multilevel and transnational or cross-border governance, designing and testing appropriate governance structures and mechanisms. Also cooperation between public institutions on any theme.

    Innovation capacity and awareness-raising: Actions that increase a person’s or organisation’s capacity for innovation (not innovation as such), and that establish the capacity to diffuse and apply innovation; projects that stimulate innovation in different areas and innovation capacities; strengthening and empowering of innovation networks.

    Institutional cooperation and cooperation networks: Projects working on the improvement of institutional cross-border co-operation and capacities, on renewing and simplifying administrative management through long term cooperation between institutions (e.g. Euregion), on establishing and sharing regional knowledge and intercultural understanding and cohesion. It also deals with cooperations between universities, health care facilities, schools and sports organisations, as well as with management and capacity building.

    Activities focussing on agricultural products, organic farming, horticulture, as well as forest management and wood products; furthermore the development of the food sector, food chains, organic food production, and seafood products and any topics related to animals and fishing.

    Agriculture and fisheries and forestry: Projects focussing on agricultural products (i.e. fruits, meat, olives, etc.), organic farming, horticulture, as well as forest management and wood products. Also the development of the agro-food sector, food chains, organic food production, and seafood products. Any topics related to animals (i.e. health, management) and fishing (i.e. sustainable fishery, aquaculture).

    Soil and air quality: Projects that deal with any topic against soil and air pollution, except water pollution, for example, reduction of soil and air contamination, pollution-management systems, but also prevention and eradication of soil erosion, new ways of improving air quality (also indoors) and soil/air knowledge in general.

    Climate change and biodiversity projects assisting mitigation and adaption to climate change and environmental impacts of climate change. Development of low carbon technologies and strategies, reduction of CO2 emissions from all sectors. Promotion of biodiversity, new instruments to enhance biodiversity and natural protection.

    Soil and air quality projects that deal with any topic against soil and air pollution, except water pollution, for example, reduction of soil and air contamination, pollution-management systems, but also prevention and eradication of soil erosion, new ways of improving air quality (also indoors) and soil/air knowledge in general.

    Water management projects about management and distribution of drinking water, integrated sustainable water management, monitoring systems for water supply and improving drinking water quality; also water treatment (wastewater), in particular, innovative technologies to improve wastewater, treatments in the purification of industrial and domestic wastewater and water reuse policies. Waterways, lakes and rivers: This deals with any topics on waterways, lakes and rivers, from improving water quality, protecting and developing of ecosystems or sustainable wetland management.

    Activities that protect, promote and enhance cultural and natural heritage, increase the attractiveness through preservation and valorisation of common cultural and natural heritage in a sustainable manner, and improve and develop cultural and natural heritage objects, services and products. Cultural heritage management, art and culture, (maritime) heritage routes, access to cultural and natural heritage. Also all topics on cultural services such as festivals, concerts, art workshops.

    Cultural heritage and arts projects that protect, promote and enhance cultural and natural heritage, increase the attractiveness through preservation and valorisation of common cultural and natural heritage in a sustainable manner, and improve and develop cultural and natural heritage objects, services and products. Cultural heritage management, art and culture, (maritime) heritage routes, access to cultural and natural heritage. Also all topics on cultural services such as festivals, concerts, art workshops.

    Tourism projects dealing with the promotion of natural assets, and the protection and development of natural heritage, as well as increasing the touristic attractiveness through the better use of natural, cultural and historical heritage. Also projects about improved tourist services/products, development of ecotourism models, tourism development strategies.

    Sustainable management of natural resources projects focussing on the protection, promotion and valorization, and sustainable management and conservation of natural areas (habitats, geo parks, protected areas, etc.). Also projects focussing on preserving and enhancing cultural and natural heritage and landscape, as well as protecting the marine environment.

    Projects on waste management (innovative services and strategies), ecological waste treatment, treatment techniques/systems; waste disposal and recycling (improvement of recycling, innovative recycling technologies, recovery of organic waste, repair & re-use centres and networks); also prevention of pollution and pollution control (ecological and circular economy, marine littering, etc.).

    Labour market and employment: creating employment opportunities and/or optimising jobs, academic (un)employment and job mobility, workforce attraction and improvement of employment conditions for different groups.

    SME and entrepreneurship: strengthening SME capacities, boosting entrepreneurial activities in different sectors and for different groups, supporting social entrepreneurship, creating business support/advisory systems for start-ups/spin-offs/incubators, improving the competitiveness of SMEs, and promoting new business processes.

    Community integration and common identity projects that build identity, create a more cohesive society, promote positive relations through an increased provision of shared spaces and services.

    Demographic change and immigration is about projects tackling major societal challenges like demographic change in different areas and migration, in particular, aging society (active aging, best agers, silver economy strategies) and related new public services (adaptation of key services and infrastructure), social and spatial segregation, and brain drain. Also all topics on migration (policy tools, strategic planning, integration).

    All projects where ICT has a significant role, including tailor-made ICT solutions in different fields, as well as digital innovation hubs, open data, Internet of Things; ICT access and connecting (remote) areas with digital infrastructure and services; services and applications for citizens (e-health, e-government, e-learning, e-inclusion, etc.); services and applications for companies (e-commerce, networking, digital transformation, etc.).

    This is about the mitigation and management of risks and disasters, and the anticipation and response capacity towards the actors regarding specific risks and management of natural disasters, for example, prevention of flood and drought hazards, forest fire, strong weather conditions, etc.. It is also about risk assessment and safety.

    Education and training projects on expanding educational opportunities, reducing barriers in the field of education, improving higher education and lifelong learning, training and labour mobility, educational networks, higher vocational education, common learning programmes.

    Topics on energy management, energy-saving methods, evaluating energy efficiency measurements, energy rehabilitation/efficiency in buildings / public infrastructure, promotion of energy efficiency, cooperation among experienced energy efficiency firms, institutions and local administrations, co-generation.

    Projects focussing on wind, solar, biomass, hydroelectric, geothermal and other renewable energy, increasing the production of sustainable renewable energy and improving research capacities in biomass. Also projects focussing on storage and management of renewable energy, new technologies, sustainable regional bioenergy policies and financial Instruments for investments on renewable energy.

    Social projects concerning people with disabilities and excluded groups; enhancement of the capacity of children, young people, women and elderly; creation of infrastructure to improve access for disabled people, integration of socially vulnerable people; innovate in the care of victims of gender violence, social inclusion of women, etc.

    This deals with the development of health and social services and improved accessibility and efficiency for different groups (elderly, children, etc.). It is also about new healthcare models and medical diagnosis and treatments (dementia, cancer, diabetes, etc.), hospitals, care management, and rare diseases, as well as improving wellbeing and promoting sports.

    Projects about (organised) crime, efficient and secure borders, such as enhancing the effectiveness of the police in the prevention of drug crimes, the development of safety services, or tackling security and organised crime issues.

    Activities related to:

    • Transport and mobility covering all sorts of transport (incl. urban transport) and mobility.
    • Improving transport connections dealing with traffic and/or transport connections, rehabiliation/modernisation, better connectivity, improving accessibility/connections, but also public transport.
    • Multimodal transport and logistics and freight transport focusing on using different means of transport, developing multimodal connections, optimising intermodal transport chains; offering multimodal logistics solutions and providing access to clean, efficient and multimodal transport corridors and hubs; establishing cooperation among logistic centres and developing multimodal mobility strategies.

    Activities related to:

    • urban development, such as planning and design of cities and urban areas, urban renewal, urban-rural links (climate, sustainable mobility, water efficiency, participation, sustainable land use, smart cities, public urban areas, regeneration)
    • regional planning and development, such as the implementation of regional development policies/instruments and programmes, sustainable land use management plans, integrated regional action plans, spatial planning, and marine protected area management.
    • rural and peripheral development, referring to remote, sparsely populated areas, rural community development, and rural economics, in particular access to remote areas and policies for rural areas.
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Program key data

IPA III Bosnia and Herzegovina-Montenegro

Parent programInstrument for Pre-accession Assistance
Link to the

Content of program

short description

The Cross-Border Cooperation Program Bosnia and Herzegovina – Montenegro 2021-2027 will be implemented within the framework of IPA III. Its general goal is to contribute to the improvement of good neighbourly relations and the promotion of sustainable, dynamic, strong and connected communities. 

program objectives

The programme will support projects  aimed at environmental protection, promotion, adaptation and mitigation of climate change, risk management and prevention, but also at a better business environment and competitiveness through encouraging the development of tourism, protection of cultural and natural heritage.

More sustainable and better cultural/natural tourism products, improving the capacity of competent and emergency services to manage risks from natural and man-made disasters, improving the capacity of local authorities, business entities and civil society organizations to solve the challenges of climate change are just some of the expected results of the Program cross-border cooperation Bosnia and Herzegovina – Montenegro 2021-2027 which will ultimately contribute to the improvement of living and working conditions in the border area.

In this way, the series of successes achieved through projects within the framework of IPA I and IPA II will continue, during which tourist services were improved and significant progress was made with the aim of creating new opportunities for further development, work, employment and motivating people to create better conditions through their own efforts for themselves and the community.

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Expected results

The programme includes the following thematic clusters and suggests the following (non exhaustive) types of measures.

Thematic cluster 1: Improved employment opportunities and social rights

  • Exchange and cooperation between labour market services, education and business sector in the areas of common opportunities (tourism, food, rural development, crafts)
  • Supporting partnerships among education and businesses for increasing employability of youth
  • Increasing digital skills and taking advantage of the shift to online tools for increasing access to training in rural/remote areas
  • Joint development of non-formal training programmes in areas of common needs
  • Sharing of experiences in developing new approaches to support vulnerable groups through social innovation and social economy
  • Cooperation in the area of lifelong learning to improve skills of both employed and unemployed
  • Exchange of practices in the activation of long-term unemployed or other difficult-to employ groups
Thematic cluster 2: Greener and improved resource efficiency
  • Use of the CBC instrument to increase capacities for disaster and risk prevention in the border areas
  • Promoting cross-sectoral and cross-border cooperation in strengthening resilience to climate change
  • Further cooperation and capacity building for integrated management of nature protected areas and valorisation of natural resources
  • Promoting resource efficiency and circular economy business models related to waste management and other sectors of economy in the programme area
  • Improving cross-border cooperation in sustainable forest management
Thematic cluster 3: Improved public infrastructure/connectivity (transport, digital, energy, waste and water)
  • Introducing sustainable mobility solutions in urban areas
  • Promoting the production and use of removable energy sources (water, solar, wind)
  • Sharing of experience and good practices in spatial planning and integrated solutions
  • Promoting capacities of local administration to improve digital skills and services to citizens
  • Promoting digital skills improvement in adult population
  • Promoting digital economy solutions for SMEs

Thematic cluster 4: Improved business environment and competitiveness

  • Promoting tourist flows from the most visited destinations with high concentration of visitors to discover hinterlands
  • Adapting tourist offers to emerging needs related to increased health safety requirements and tackling niche markets
  • Improving capacities for management of tourist destinations
  • Digital promotion of the offer and increasing the skills for digital marketing
  • Improving regional product quality, visibility (branding) and marketing through cross-border cooperation and capacity building
  • Cooperation in upgrading the business environment – local and regional business support centres or hubs
  • Promoting entrepreneurial skills in young population
  • Promoting digital and green economy solutions for SMEs
  • Cooperation between research and innovation in the promotion of ICT and technological development in SMEs
  • Promotion of R&D in regional product development (agriculture and food processing, forestry, processing, clean energy, tourism)
  • Cross-border promotion of innovation and research in schools

Thematic cluster 5: Improved capacity of local and regional authorities to tackle local challenges

  • Cooperation in strengthening institutional capacities of local authorities to improve the quality of services for citizens
  • Improving capacities for strategic local and regional planning and implementation
  • Addressing jointly common challenges (climate change, disaster prevention, social care, etc.)
  • Increasing cooperation opportunities for local and regional CSOs across the border

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Regions / countries for fundingBosnia and Herzegovina (Bosna i Hercegovina / Босна и Херцеговина), Montenegro (Црна Гора)
eligible entities
Non-Profit Organisation (NPO) / Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO),  Public Body (national, regional and local; incl. EGTCs),  Research Institution incl. University,  Education and training institution
Mandatory partnershipYes
Project Partnership

The applicant must act with at least one co-applicant as specified hereafter. If the applicant is established in Bosnia and Herzegovina, at least one co-applicant must be established in Montenegro, and vice versa. The maximum number of co-applicants that could be involved in the action is not set. However, CBC partners must carefully bear in mind the most appropriate conditions to ensure an intra-project efficient coordination when deciding on this.

other eligibility criteria

There are 70 cities and municipalities in the programme area, of which 56 in Bosnia and Herzegovina and 14 in Montenegro.

Bosnia and Herzegovina:

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH, 35 cities and municipalities):

  • Zeničko-dobojski kanton: Breza, Olovo, Vareš, Grad Visoko
  • Bosansko-podrinjski kanton: Foča (FBiH), Grad Goražde, Pale (FBiH)
  • Srednjobosanski kanton: Fojnica, Kiseljak, Kreševo
  • Hercegovačko-neretvanski kanton: Grad Čapljina, Čitluk, Jablanica, Konjic, Grad Mostar, Neum, Prozor-Rama, Stolac, Ravno
  • Zapadno-hercegovački kanton: Grude, Grad Ljubuški, Posušje, Grad Široki Brijeg
  • Kanton Sarajevo: Centar Sarajevo, Hadžići, Ilidža, Ilijaš, Novi Grad Sarajevo, Novo Sarajevo, Stari Grad Sarajevo, Trnovo, Vogošća
  • Kanton 10: Kupres, Grad Livno, Tomislavgrad

Republika Srpska (RS, 21 cities and municipalities):

  • Berkovići, Bileća, Višegrad, Gacko, Istočni Mostar, Istočna Ilidža, Istočni Stari Grad, Istočno Novo Sarajevo, Pale, Sokolac, Trnovo, Kalinovik, Kupres, Ljubinje, Nevesinje, Novo Goražde, Rogatica, Rudo, Grad Trebinje, Foča, Čajniče.

Montenegro (14 cities and municipalities):

  • Northern region: Berane, Bijelo Polje, Kolašin, Mojkovac, Petnjica, Pljevlja, Plužine, Šavnik, Žabljak
  • Central region: Danilovgrad, Nikšić
  • Coastal region: Herceg Novi, Kotor, Tivat

Additional information

Topics Administration & Governance, Institutional Capacity & Cooperation,  Agriculture & Forestry, Fishery, Food, Soil quality,  Air Quality, Biodiversity & Environment, Climate & Climate Change, Water quality & management,  Arts & Culture, Cultural Heritage, Tourism,  Circular Economy, Natural Resources,  Competitiveness of Enterprises, Employment/Labour Market, SME & entrepreneurship,  Digitalisation, Digital Society, ICT,  Disaster Prevention, Resilience, Risk Management,  Education & Training, Children & Youth, Media,  Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy ,  Mobility & Transport,  Rural & Urban Development/Planning
Relevance for EU Macro-RegionEUSAIR - EU Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region, EUSDR - EU Strategy for the Danube Region
UN Sustainable Development Goals (UN-SDGs)
ContactIPA Bosnia and Herzegovina-Montenegro Joint Technical Secretariat
+387 33 788 780